Gustave John, born 1855 in Minnesota, son of Christian Rudolph, whose surname is uncertain, and Wiebke Ohm, was orphaned about 1859. The 1857 Minnesota Territorial census recorded Christian Rudolph, Wiebke, and a 2 year old son "Ritchard G.", apparently Gustave John, in Hennepin County. Wiebke Ohm was descended from Danish families with roots in Bargstall, Hohn, Denmark (now part of Schleswig-Holstein, Germany). Her husband Christian was, according to a census record, from Germany. Their circumstances leading to the adoption of their children Gustave John and Caroline (b. 1858, adopted by John and Catharine (Myers) Mann of Carver County, MN) are unknown. Gustave John was adopted by John and Anna Maria (Caster) Pauly who lived in rural Minnesota, near Chanhassen in Carver County. There is an article about Gustave John in the Slices of History wiki. The Pauly family's origins are in Luxembourg. John Pauly emigrated from Luxembourg with his father and brothers and sisters on the ship Sylvanus Jenkins in July, 1845. The ship traveled from Antwerp, Belgium to New York and the family soon settled in the Chicago, Illinois area. John Pauly's wife, Anna Maria Caster, and her family immigrated about 1850 to the Midwest US. John and Anna married in Chicago, IL in 1851 and subsequently staked a claim as pioneers south of Chanhassen, MN, on the shore of Lake Susan. Anna Maria was unable to bear children because of her health, and the couple adopted Gustave John about 1860. Gustave John's wife Amelia Young is descended from French Canadians with many roots to the 17th century immigrant French soldiers and filles du roi. The name "Young" was assumed by her parents, Charles Lajeunesse and Marguerite Gibeau, when they moved from Montréal to Connecticut about 1849. Francis J. Pauly, the oldest of six surviving children of Gustave and Amelia, was a European-trained composer, violinist, and arranger who worked in New York City from about 1920 to 1950. Francis arranged popular songs, including "My Daddy Rocks Me". Alan Freed was inspired by this tune when he coined the term "Rock and Roll". Francis is credited with the lyrics for this song by the Indiana University website. Francis and his siblings - Eugene, Florence, Gustav, and Marguerite - have descendants scattered all over the US.
The immigrant Robert Rockwell or Rockhold was a radical Protestant gunsmith, probably of English origin. Robert and his family, along with others, followed Puritan Richard Bennett to the Chesapeake shores of Virginia from his sanctuary in the Netherlands about 1635. Finding themselves unwelcome in Virginia some of this group migrated in 1649 up the Chesapeake to Maryland as the first European settlers of Anne Arundel County. Robert's role in the 1655 Battle of the Severn, the last battle of the English Civil War and the first land battle between Europeans in North America, is unknown. His side, the Protestants, won the battle and controlled Maryland for several years before peacefully ceding control back to the English Proprietor, Lord Baltimore, in an agreement that promised amnesty, religious freedom, and lifting a requirement for a loyalty oath that had sparked the battle. The early Maryland families, after the first generation, used the form "Rockhold" most frequently. Some branches of the family, starting in the 18th century, returned to "Rockwell". Many other forms are encountered as well. Sometimes this variation is encapsulated as "Rock*" in this genealogy. The early Maryland Rock*s married into old colonial lines including the Potter, Clawson (who are of early NY and NJ Dutch descent), Clarke, Talbot, and Richardson families. According to DNA analysis the root of the Rock* family is unrelated to the New England Rockwells. Around 1800 T. Tolbert Rock* and his sons Thomas Tolbert Jr. ("Top") and Jesse moved to the area of Franklin Co., PA and the interlocking Maryland and (present day) West Virginia panhandles. Top and Jesse had a hard start in Washington Co., MD and (present day) Morgan Co., WV. Top settled in Sleepy Creek about 1810 and lost his first wife soon after their son John J. was born in 1812. Tolbert Sr. may have raised Top's son John J. from his first wife and perhaps some of Jesse's kids. Top remarried Sarah Meeks and had a large and successful family. Jesse had a large family with his wife Mary, a Native American, and lived mainly in Washington Co., MD. John J. Rockwell married Nancy Potter in Morgan Co. in 1834 and had a large family. They moved, somewhat piecemeal, to central Illinois, apparently following the railroad that most of them made their living on by that time. John J.'s sons John and Edward were in Illinois by 1860 and the whole family - John J., Nancy and their 10 children - were there by the end of the war or soon after. The girls married into the Stanger, Wampler, and Benjamin families in Illinois. John J. spent his last years with his daughter Maria Benjamin. We would like to find descendants of the Benjamins - they may have information about John J.'s unknown mother. John J. Rockwell's son Edward married Margaret Karr, a descendant of Walter Ker who was banished from his native Scotland to New Jersey on account of his fundamentalist Presbyterianism. Edward Rockwell's son Walter married Eva Beckley, a descendant of 18th Century German immigrants to New Jersey (Beckley/Bechtle , Hurff, and Ries families) and 17th Century Dutch immigrants to New York and New Jersey (including the Wyckoff, Covenhoven, Van Cleef, and Sutphen families), and English settlers in New Jersey (for example the Norton and Ely families)
Moses Cleveland was orphaned at age 5 in Ipswich, Suffolk, England in 1626. He along with his 5 siblings were placed in the custody of the Anglican church. Around 1639 Moses emigrated from England to New England as an apprentice carpenter along with his future father-in-law Edward Winn and their employer Barnabas Davis. The pair of carpenters settled in the newly founded town of Woburn, Massachusets, where Moses married Ann Winn in 1648. Moses and Ann had 5 daughters and 7 sons, and their descendants include many prominent Americans including a president, military men in every war from the pre-revolutionary Indian wars, and a founder of Cleveland, Ohio. These descendants married into many old colonial families including the Palmer, Gardner, Hoisington/Horsington, White, Clark, Talbot, Puffer, Wheeler, Prescott, Metcalfe, Allin, Wight, and Chickering families. Our Ohio branch of Clevelands, descended from the Edward (son of Moses) line, was established in Norwalk, OH by Edward Cleveland in 1832. His grandson William Henry Cleveland received a disability discharge in the Civil War. William Henry married Emma Arvilla Parker, who emigrated from England with her parents. Their son Delbert Alanson Cleveland (1866-1939) bought the center of Elyria, OH, sold prior to the Depression, and retired to Texas. The Byron family of Huron County, Ohio, was established there by John Byron and Nancy Jane Barnes. John may have been killed in the Civil War. His only son Frank J. Byron married Emma Rumsey, a niece of Emma Arvilla (Parker) Cleveland. The Byrons and Clevelands shared family reunions during the early decades of the 20th century. Another prominent family surnamed Cleveland, of Norwalk and Huron County Ohio, was founded there by George Morris Cleveland, and was descended from Aaron (b. 1655) son of Moses (the Immigrant), as was Grover Cleveland.
Julia Maria Boncquet immigrated through Ellis Island in 1907 with her parents, Henri Isidore Boncquet and Theresia Pelagia Pyck, and many of her sisters. Julia's maternal uncle Isidore Pyck had settled in Minnesota and the family moved there. Her sister Marie Theresia Hortensia was a nun and died in Damascus in 1944. Brother Pierre Auguste immigrated later in 1907 and earned a PhD at UC Berkeley in 1915. Brother Sylvester immigrated to America in 1908. Henri Isidore and Theresia Pelagia were born in Zonnebeke (east of Ieper) and they emigrated with their family to America from Zillebeke. This family had deep roots in Flemish Belgium, particularly from the areas of Zonnebeke and Roeselare. Soon after immigrating, Henri Isidore and Theresia Pelagia moved to Oregon, leaving behind the sons and older daughters in Minnesota. Julia and Pierre Auguste worked for a time at the University of Minnesota, Julia as a secretary and Pierre as a teacher. Julia Married Gustave John Pauly's son Francis, a European-trained musician from Minneapolis.
Patriarch and Reluctant Puritan
22 March 2014 - 1:57:34pm
Moses Cleveland was the immigrant ancestor of the Northern Clevelands. There is a large Southern Cleveland family of a different immigrant ancestor. The relationship of these families in England has not been determined. Probably the majority of living people who can trace their ancestry to colonial New England have Moses Cleveland the immigrant as an ancestor.
5 year old Moses Cleveland and his five siblings were orphaned in Ipswich, Suffolk, England when their parents died in May and June of 1626. St. Stephen's Parish was charged with the care of the orphans. Moses' younger brother Aaron died in 1627. By age 17 Moses was apprenticed to carpenter Edward Winn in Broughton, England, with whom he would be associated for life. Moses evidently received a basic education sufficient for the needs of a carpenter to read, write, and calculate. He signed his name later in life indicating literacy.
Edward Winn and Moses Cleveland were employed by Barnabas Davis as carpenter-servants in 1637. Given Moses' young age at that time, about 17, he would have been an apprentice carpenter at this stage. Davis wrote that he retained the pair of carpenters at Broughton and brought them to London. So Moses was in London in his late teenage years, likely living with or near the Winn family. While in London, Moses and Edward were in the service of Davis and then for a time one Roger Hogge, as their travel to Massachusetts was delayed because Davis was not paid by his employer, William Woodcock, who died about that time. William Woodcock's brother John re-hired Davis and his carpenter-servants and sent them to New England. About 1639 Davis, Winn, their families, and Moses Cleveland sailed to the Colonies.
Many secondary sources suggest Moses Cleveland arrived as an indentured servant, however Barnabas Davis states that he was hired. Moses was not a typical Puritan, although he came to New England amid the Great Migration of Puritans, many of whom went through Ipswich, his birthplace. He came to New England because of circumstances, not religious conviction. He was admitted to full communion in the First Church of Charlestown in 1692, over 50 years after he arrived in the the area. Moses was baptized as an infant into the Church of England, his parents were buried in that faith, and Moses and his siblings were placed in the custody of the Anglicans following their parents' deaths.
Moses Cleveland soon established himself In Massachusetts. He moved to Woburn (near Boston), apparently following Edward Winn who was a signer of the formation documents of that town. Moses was granted land in Woburn in 1642, and in 1643 was made a freeman.
It is not certain what labor Moses Cleveland and Edward Winn did on behalf of Davis and Woodcock during this early period. Surely they were sent to New England for some purpose, and Davis lived nearby in Charlestown. However Davis does not claim building expenses for this period in his lawsuit against Woodcock. Perhaps Davis had given up on the business, and turned his attention to the suit instead. In this case Moses Cleveland and Edward Winn were free to pursue their own course, which is evidently what they did in the new town of Woburn. A new town would have given ample opportunities for a pair of carpenters.
Moses married Edward Winn's daughter Ann in the Fall of 1648. In that same year he was granted another 30 acres in Woburn. In succeeding years Moses added to his land holdings and served Woburn in a number of capacities such as road mending, swine tending, cattle herding, militia service, and served on a land committee.
Moses and Ann had eleven children, 4 daughters and 7 sons. Their home, in an area then called New Bridge and North Woburn, is thought to have been on Pearl Street. One daughter, Joanna, died in childhood. The other ten children of Moses and Ann, including a second daughter named Joanna, survived their parents and lived into the 18th century.
A signature of Moses reportedly exists, of about 1662, acknowledging refusal of a circular letter presented in Woburn from Charles II King of England.
Moses died intestate in Woburn in 1702 at age 81 having been a widower for many years. Intestacy is sometimes taken for lack of a substantial estate. Moses, who lived to an advanced age, may have distributed his estate to his ten adult children during his life.
Old and Gray
22 January 2014 - 1:57:56pm
(edit: William Covenhoven b. 1702 is no longer listed as a centenarian. His death date was confused with his son William's.)
"Another aspect of life in New England [was] the remarkable health and longevity of the population. Many colonists lived to the age of seventy, and a substantial number lived to be eighty. Both male and female settlers in New England lived significantly longer than their English counterparts. This longevity is no doubt due to a variety of factors: dispersed settlement patterns, lack of epidemic disease, the healthful effects of a “little ice age,” clean air and water, possibly a better diet, and the original good health of most immigrants. Also, infant and childhood mortality rates were lower in New England, and the settlers produced large and healthy families — most having seven or more children."1
Among our ancestors are several who lived to 90 or older. Below is a list of known nonagenarians among our direct ancestors, whether immigrants or not. Many of our colonial ancestors do not have known birth or death dates, or indeed any information at all in many cases, so the following is very incomplete. The list of known octogenarians would be quite lengthy.
Sarah Cousseau, about 1596 - 25 July 1691 Age 95
Sarah lived her life in France, and died in La Rochelle, France. So she is a counter-example to the trend noted in the quote above. Her birth date is suspect.
Pierre Doucet, about 1621 - 2 June 1713 Age 92
Pierre was an immigrant to Acadia from France. Male nonagenarians seem to have been relatively more frequent in colonial times.
Bonaventure Theriault, about 1641 - 3 May 1731 Age 90
Bonaventure was born and died in Acadia. Census evidence indicates he may actually have been several years younger than 90 at death.
Walter Ker, 1656 - 10 June 1748 Age 92
Walter was a radical protestant from Scotland who was banished to New Jersey.
Catarina (unknown) , about 1702 - after 1798 Age 96
Catarina was a German immigrant to New Jersey. Her husband was Johann Balthaser Harff, an octogenarian at death. They were married in Germany.
Cornelius Pieterse Wyckoff, 1656 - 4 April 1746 Age 90
Cornelius Pieterse was the son of immigrant Pieter Claeszen. Cornelius Pieterse lived his life in New Jersey.
Peter Wyckoff, 14 September 1679 - 1777 Age 97
Peter was the son of Cornelius Pieterse, above. Peter also lived his life in New Jersey.
Jan Croesen, about 1686 - about 1777 Age 91
Another early New Jersey Dutchman. Jan was the grandson of immigrant Dirck Garretszen Croesen (d. age 78).
Petronella Vandeghynste, 17 November 1702 - 19 February 1795 Age 92
Petronella lived her life in Belgium.
Marie-Françoise Brunet, 26 April 1667 - before 10 December 1686 Age 19
Marie, a French Canadian Pauly ancestor, is the shortest-lived ancestor in the database. There may have been others without dates who died in their teens, such as the mother of John J. Rockwell who died when John was an infant.
1 New England's Great Migration, Lynn Betlock, New England Ancestors 4 (2003): 2: 22-24
1 October 2012 - 10:01:08pm
New photos and biographical details of the Norwalk Clevelands, primarily William Henry (WH) and his son Delbert Alanson (DA), have been posted.
WH Cleveland & Son were gunsmiths. Their shop at 26 Benedict Street in Norwalk (sometimes listed as 1 Seminary, probably the same location) was also a taxidermy studio, a banjo shop, and a bicycle shop. Apparently gunsmithing wasn't a full-time occupation in Norwalk.
WH was born in New York in 1836 and came to Ohio as a child with his parents, Alanson and Betsey (White) Cleveland who farmed near Norwalk. WH was listed with his parent's household in the 1860 census. WH married the girl almost next door, Emma Parker, in 1863, and their daughter Frankie (Frances Emeline) was born later that year. He enlisted in the Civil War in 1864 and in 1865 he was discharged with an injury possibly suffered in the the Battle of Honey Hill, SC, where his unit took many casualties. Their son Delbert (DA) was born in 1866.
Frankie, age 5, died in 1869. WH's occupation was reported as "Farm Laborer" on the 1870 census, however by 1880 he was listed as a gunsmith and his store was listed in Norwalk directories starting in the 1880's. DA was listed as working at "Cleveland's Gun Shop" in an 1885 directory.
WH was also banjo-maker and amateur or semi-professional vaudeville musician on the banjo. After WH died, DA had a gun and bicycle shop in Elyria, OH. Both were gunsmiths and taxidermists.
Starting around 1919, DA and his second wife Bertha Brett moved to "The Valley", specifically a small farm just outside Weslaco, Texas, in the Rio Grande Valley. DA had made a small fortune in real estate in downtown Elyria, OH. As part of the move, in 1920 DA donated his taxidermy collection to the Firelands Historical Society, which at the time was co-located with the Norwalk Public Library. Today (2012) some remnants of that collection are in a back storage room of the society. One of the surviving specimens is a beautifully preserved pair of passenger pigeons. There are many interesting items of Norwalk history there and in an adjoining library. There is a banjo of unknown make once owned by a prominent Norwalk resident who lived on Benedict Ave., and an early bicycle.
Ruby Cleveland, DA's daughter by his first marriage, was raised in Norwalk by WH and Emma Parker Cleveland in their house at 93 Benedict Ave. DA kept the house for some time after his parents died. Ruby's daughter remembers being punished as a young girl (around 1930) by being locked in a dark closet in that house with taxidermy specimens.
14 July 2012 - 2:36:42pm
Starting with Walter Rockwell's wife Eva Beckley, daughter of Joanna Wyckoff, and working back through 6 generations of Wyckoffs, then 9 generations of Van Der Goes to Hendrick Van Der Goes, who was a functionary in the courts of the Burgundian nobility at the height of their influence. Hendrick Van Der Goes was in the employ of Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut in 1418, then later (1428-1430, at least) was employed by her life-long enemy and cousin Phillip the Good, Duke of Burgundy.
Search for "van der Goes" and most of the top hits will be for Hugo van der Goes, an Early Netherlandish painter.
Not much is known of Hugo's early life, however he shared with Hendrick van der Goes an association with Phillip the Good, Duke of Burgundy. Hendrick served as secretary to Phillip the Good between 1428 and 1430 and Hugo was granted a dispensation by Phillip the Good in 1451. Later, in 1468, Hugo painted decorations for the marriage of Phillip the Good's son, Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy.
This is no proof of kinship between the two van der Goes, however the coincidences are intriguing and we are lucky to know this much about these men who lived so long ago. Hugo's birth is estimated to be about 1440, some sources estimate a bit earlier, so he is likely to be a generation, possibly two, more recent than Hendrick, who was by 1418 in a responsible position in the employ of Jacqueline (Jacoba in Dutch) Countess of Hainaut. Jacqueline was a cousin of Phillip the Good (her mother was a Burgundy), and would for the rest of her life be a frequent enemy of him. Hugo's birth around 1440 also implies an early age when he received a dispensation from Phillip the Good in 1451, which reinforces the idea that there was some sort of relationship between his family and Phillip the Good. If Hugo was brought up in a household of the Burgundies, he would have been exposed early on to the best paintings, and might have had opportunity to study them in his leisure. This line of thinking strengthens the probability that he was Hendrick's son rather than his grandson or nephew or other relation. Arguing against this direct relationship is the statement in "The Old World Progenitors of the Wyckoff Family" (see sources for Hendrick, for example) that Hendrick had two sons, Pieter and Martin. Perhaps it was meant that he had two known sons. If born around 1440, Hugo would likely have been born rather late to Hendrick (if he was born to Hendrick), possibly to a second wife. One source claims that Hugo was preceded by his half-brother into the Rood Kloster monastery, where Hugo died in 1482.
With these considerations, Hugo van der Goes is placed in this genealogy as a son of Hendrick van der Goes, based on circumstantial evidence alone. Here is a chart of the lineage between Eva Beckley of New Albany, IN, USA, and Hugo van der Goes, old master of Ghent.
This is potentially a testable hypothesis, as there may be more information in the archives of the Burgundians regarding the van der Goes.
Talebot - Le Sire Universal?
14 May 2012 - 12:31:59pm
Three of the four main pedigrees on this website - Pauly, Rockwell, and Cleveland - have early immigrants to North America named Talbot.
Due to unknown circumstances (although the speculations make for interesting reading), George Peter, eldest son of George Talbot of Carr Hall, migrated in the early 1670's to the Massachusetts Colony. His descendants married into the Cleveland line. This landed family of Lancashire kept their genealogy, allowing the construction of a remarkable 30 generation pedigree from the youngest generation alive today to the Norman Knight Le Sire Talebot who invaded England in 1066 with William the Conquerer. Here is a truncated line of descent, omitting recent generations for privacy.
Some four decades after George Peter immigrated, Edmond and his cousin Mathew, both Talbots, migrated from England to the Maryland Colony. In contrast to George Peter, only a few records of Edmond and Mathew's ancestors in England have been located. From those records we see that they were tradespeople in the vicinity of London. Edmond's daughter Elizabeth Elinor married John Rockhold of Baltimore in 1739. "Talbot" variants such as "Tolbert" have often been used as given names of Rock* descendants to recent times. "Edmond" was the middle name of the writer's grandfather Rockwell. There may have been some uncorrected confusion with a much more prominent Talbot family of Maryland: Talbot County, Maryland was named to honor Lady Grace Talbot, sister of the Lord Proprietor of Maryland, Baron Cecilius Baltimore.
The earliest-arriving Talbot ancestor to North America was Anne, who arrived in Quebec at age 19 unaccompanied by family members as a Fille du Roi by 1670. She married ancestor Jean Gareau dit St. Onge in 1670 in Chambly six weeks after her marriage to a certain Jean Barolleau was annulled. She had descendants by a long matrilineal line to Marie Louise Filiatrault, wife of Charles Lajeunesse and mother of Charles L. Young who migrated from Chambly ultimately to Minneapolis where daughter Amelia Young met and married Gustav John Pauly.
Filles du Roi were from several parts of France. Ancestor Anne Talbot was from Rouen in Normandy. This ties back to the Norman invader Le Sire Talebot, ancestor of the Cleveland line Talbots in New England. An inspection of George Peter's English Talbot pedigree of six centuries reveals dozens of male Talbot uncles, many starting another Talbot tree. The London ancestors of Edmond Talbot of Maryland were no doubt descendants of Le Sire by a succession of younger sons.
This is a first hint of deep roots ancestry in the main pedigree lines. Deep roots in simplest terms means that we're all related. A few moments reflection will establish this: a person has 2n ancestors n generations ago. 2 parents, 4 grandparents, 32 ggg-grandparents, etc. Now consider the case of the 30 generation pedigree to Le Sire Talebot. 230 is over 1 billion (10 9). The population of Europe was less than 100 million at that time, perhaps as low as 50 million. And not everyone living at that time has descendants today. So there is easily a factor of 20 difference between the number of 30-generation ancestors of a person living today of European descent and the number of Europeans with descendants in the 11th century.
These considerations can be worked out generally and globally for all people, see Rohde et al (2004). Two genealogically significant numbers are mentioned in this Nature letter: The most recent common ancestor (MRCA), that is the latest person who is the ancestor of every living person in the population, and the Identical Ancestor Point (IAP), that is the number of generations back to a time when everyone in that generation is either the ancestor of every living person in the current population, or has no living descendants at all. Both of these numbers depend on the size of the population, p. The number of generations back to the MRCA will have a statistical deviation, but is strongly centered at log2p. The IAP is earlier, 1.77log2p. These simple formulas assume random mating, so the real world situation will require more generations back to the MRCA point and the IAP.
Applying these simple formulas to the case of the 11th Century where our Talbots meet some 30 generations ago, we find that
MRCA point is 26 generations, so the MRCA lived in the 12th or 13th Century, and
IAP is 45 generations, based on the simple model.
The above-cited paper using more sophisticated models estimates that the global MRCA point was 2300 years ago, and the global Identical Ancestors point about 5000 years ago. The European values must be much more recent, but probably earlier than about 1000 CE for the MRCA point. Modeling and, potentially, both genealogical and genetic research can better estimate where this value lies. It seems that Le Sire Talebot or one of his near ancestors lived too recently to be a universal common ancestor of today's people of European descent.
North American pedigrees, such as on this site, are heavy on English, French, German and Scandinavian ancestors. No German or Scandinavian Talbot link has been found. It's possible that the ancient Norman Talbot family is a universal or near-universal common ancestor of England, France, and North America.
14 May 2012 - 9:43:34am
Of the 15,000 or so 17th Century French immigrants to New France many returned to France or died in New France without marrying. About 5,000 stayed and married in New France. Together with a few immigrants from other countries and some Native Americans, these formed the founding population of today's French-Canadians. Some family lines died out, so with the addition of the non-French we will take 5,000 as a reasonable estimate of the founding population size.
A Quebecois child born today averages about 13 generations from the 17th Century founders at just under 30 years per generation. A person has 2n ancestors n generations ago: 2 parents, 4 grandparents, 32 ggg-grandparents, etc. 213 is about 8,000, so every French-Canadian child has multiple descents from some of the 5,000 founders. The phenomenon of multiple descents has, in fact, long occurred because of randomness in the distribution of ancestors, and more so because of structures or groups within French-Canadian populations over the centuries arising from religions, other social groups, family size, and location.
So it may be asked if all French-Canadians born into the current generation are descended from all the 5,000 founders. This is question is closely related to the concept known as the Identical Ancestors point, which takes the present population and looks back to that most recent time when everyone in the present population is descended from the same set of people (although multiple descents may differ). One might expect that some young French-Canadians may lack descent from a few founders, in the complement to multiple descent. This is true, and there is statistical formula which can be used to demonstrate this, see Rohde et al (2004).
This formula assumes random intermarriage, so it is therefore a lower bound. For the French-Canadian case this is 1.77log25000 = 22 generations. 22 generations is about 600 years, so we may anticipate that every French-Canadian alive at some time perhaps not too long after 2250 CE will be descended from all the founders.
A related concept to the Identical Ancestors point is the Most Recent Common Ancestor. From our perspective of looking back to the French-Canadian founders this concept becomes the question of how many, if any, of the founders are ancestors of all of the youngest generation of French-Canadians. Using a statistical formula as before,
With the same limitations as the previous formula, for the French-Canadian case this is log25000 = 12.3 generations. This is tantalizingly close to the present-day situation, 13 generations from the founders. Which is simultaneously remarkable and inevitable - a founder from whom every French-Canadian descends. Bearing in mind that this is a lower bound, it is too soon to be sure that there is already a founder who is a common ancestor, but it is possible.
Given the peculiarity that most French-Canadian pedigrees are traceable, the question may be addressed in the negative by counter-example. That is, identify a likely founder who appears multiple times in almost every genealogy and search for a contemporary genealogy lacking that founder.
A further test is to search for a founder who appears multiple times in almost every genealogy, and once in the few remaining, in a sufficiently large set a of complete contemporary genealogies.
Who are the most likely candidates for common ancestor(s) of the current generation of French-Canadians? One source is PRDH's lists of founders with the most married descendants before 1800:
Zacharie Cloutier b.1590, 5 children Dit "l’ancêtre de tous les francophones d’Amérique."
Jean Guyon b. 1592, 9 children
Marin Boucher b. 1589, 14 children (8 born in or migrated to New France), married twice
Jacques Archambault, b. 1602, 7 children
Noël Langlois, b. 1606, 10 children
Abraham Martin, b. abt 1589, 9 children
Pierre Miville, b. abt 1602. 6 children
Pierre Desportes b. abt 1580, 1 child
Jean Roussin b. 1597, 6 children
Louis Hébert b. 1575, 3 children
Jean Côté b. abt 1607, 7 children
Pierre Tremblay b. abt 1626, 11 children
Jean Dumais/Demers b. abt 1600, 3 children
Louis Houde b. 1617, 14 children
Pierre Parent b. abt 1617, 17 children
Guillaume Pelletier b. abt 1599 3 children
PRDH seems to have considered only male founders - the wives of each of these (except Marin Boucher who remarried) are ancestors of the same set of descendants, or perhaps more if any of them remarried. The immigrant Pierre Desportes appears in the list. He and his spouse Françoise Langlois had only one child, a daughter named Hélène who married Joseph Guillaume Hébert and, secondly, Noël Morin. Except for herself, Hélène is the ancestor of the same set of descendants as her parents. Cogently for the current discussion, Hélène is the more recent ancestor.
There may be additional good candidates for immigrant common ancestors. The PRDH database query evidently did not report Renee-Madeleine Roger b. abt. 1580, widow of Pierre Gagnon of Tourouvre, France. Renee-Madeleine Roger migrated to New France with her three youngest sons, and her daughter Marie-Marguerite Gagnon migrated to New France with two of her own daughters. In this case Pierre Gagnon, although ancestor to the same descendants as his immigrant wife, never arrived in New France.
Another consideration in the case of Renee-Madeleine Roger is her early birth. As with Louis Hébert b. 1575 and his wife Marie Rollet b. 1580, Renee-Madeleine Roger was born effectively two or more generations before the typical founder, making it a bit more probable that we have reached the common ancestor point for her.
Gustave John's Biological Parents
29 February 2012 - 9:29:28pm
(originally published 15 Dec 2011)
15 February 1855 - 15 December 1911
Susanne (Pauly) Holden has followed up on the discovery of Gustav John's (GJ) biological sister Carrie (Mann) Crandall (see news item below). Through diligent work she has located Carrie's baptism in the records of St. Mark's Church of Shakopee, MN.
Fortune following hard work, the names of Carolyn Catherine (Carrie) Mann's biological and adoptive parents were both recorded in the Parish record book. Carrie was only the eighth child baptized at St. Mark's. She was baptized with several others on 1 November 1859.
Carrie was born to Christian and Wiebke (Ohm) [unknown, possibly Rudolph] and adopted by John Mann and his wife Catherine Joanna Myers. John, Catherine, and Carrie lived near Chaska in Carver County according to the 1860 census. Carrie's brother GJ was adopted by John and Anna Maria (Caster) Pauly who lived close by near Chanhassen, also in Carver County.
We know little about Christian and Wiebke (Ohm) [unknown]. The family has been located in the 1857 Census of Hennepin Co., MN. Thomas Ohm was the father of another child (Charles T. Ohm), baptized the same day, apparently just before Carrie. Catherine Mann was a witness or godmother for this child. Thomas Ohm may have been Wiebke Ohm's brother. He immigrated in 1848 or 1849. The Ohm family is Danish and Prussian. No record of Thomas and Wiebke exists in the 1840 Danish census, said to be completely transcribed, so perhaps they were in Prussia by this time.
This discovery answers many questions about the origin of GJ. It puts the various family stories in perspective: as usual, parts were true, others not. The recollection of a gr-granddaughter of GJ that her father said he saw the name "Owen" in a log is partially confirmed, as the names Ohm and Owen sound similar. However, the stories about the circumstances of how Carrie and GJ came to be orphaned are not yet directly addressed. What became of Christian (inknown) and Wiebke Ohm?
Knowing the immigrant parents of GJ substantially completes the North American genealogy of his children, all born to Amelia (Young/Lajeunesse) Pauly. Although GJ's North American pedigree is short, Amelia was born into an old French Canadian family with hundreds of ancestors in New France and Quebec.
A short bio of GJ is located at the Slices of History wiki.
Rockwells of Rockwell International
20 September 2011 - 10:00:16am
Are we related to the Rockwell family of Rockwell International?
The iconic 20th century company Rockwell International was in part formed and developed by industrialist Willard F. Rockwell Sr., who was succeeded by his son Willard Rockwell Jr.
Willard F. Rockwell Sr.
Willard F. Rockwell Jr.
These census documents trace the Willard Rockwells to Maine and Nova Scotia through Fred Rockwell b. 1862 in Maine and Benjamin Rockwell b. 1841 in Canada:
George Larson has traced Benjamin and the other Nova Scotian Rockwells back to the immigrant William Rockwell.
The Willard Rockwells, Sr. and Jr., of Rockwell International are descended from the New England Rockwells, not the unrelated southern Rockwell/holds founded by immigrant Robert Rockwell. This genealogy is concerned with the southern Rock*s.
Byron Family of Huron County, OH
14 September 2011 - 4:04:10am
The Byron family of Huron County, Ohio, was established there by John M. C. Byron of New York and Nancy Jane Barnes. John may have been killed in the Civil War. Their only son Frank J. Byron married Emma Rumsey, niece of Emma Arvilla (Parker) Cleveland, and had many children.
Nancy Jane Barnes' mother Mary, last name unknown, was according to census records born in Ohio in 1814, a pioneer to the area.
The Byrons attended Northern Ohio Cleveland family reunions during the early decades of the 20th century, sometimes numbering more than the Cleveland attendees.
The common ancestors of the the Byrons and some of the Huron County Clevelands were James Parker and Harriet Hannah, both born in England, whose daughter Emma Arvilla Parker married William Henry Cleveland.
French Canadian Ancestry of Amelia Young
12 September 2011 - 2:43:02pm
The North American ancestors of Amelia Young (b. 1856), daughter of French-Canadian immigrants Charles Lajeunesse/Young and Marguerite Gibeau have been identified (see ancestry chart). These number over 500 distinct individuals, not counting multiple descents such as from Lucas Loiseau and Françoise Curé, or Perrine Bourg (one descent from each of her husbands Simon Pelletret and René Landry), or Guillaume Labelle and Anne Charbonneau, and others. Amelia Young was descended a remarkable 4 times from Jacques Archambault and Françoise Touralt: 3 times from the Gibeau side and once from the Lajeunesse line.
Most immigrant ancestors were French, however there were exceptions such as the Englishman Lawrence Granger and the Spaniard Joseph Serran. Some of the Carignan soldiers may have been from Italy or other European countries.
Among the ancestors were several Filles du Roi, including Madeleine Niel, Jeanne Charreton, and Marguerite Cardillon. Earlier-arriving (before 1663) marriageable women are sometimes called Filles à Marier. These also were among the ancestors, including Catherine Marchand, who married Laurent Archambault (b. 1642), and Marguerite Breton.
The first immigrants were trappers and traders. Among these was ancestor Eustache Prevost.
To protect the trappers and traders from the Iroquois, the French government sent a company of several hundred soldiers. Many of these remained in New France and started families there. Among these were ancestors Étienne Charles dit La Jeunesse, Jean Robin dit La Pointe, and Pierre Limoges Amand dit Jolicouer.
Some attempt has been made to present the stories of these ancestors, particularly the immigrants, but much remains to be done.
Our Great Civil War
19 June 2011 - 2:30:27pm
Of our direct ancestors, only William Henry Cleveland is known to have served in the US Civil War. He entered service 23 Feb. 1864 as a private in Company B of the 25th Ohio Volunteer Infantry and received a disability discharge 13 Feb 1865. During this time the 25th Ohio saw action in the battles against Fort Sumter and Charleston, Honey Hill, Coosaw River, and Deveaux's Neck. This regiment lost during service 280 men, including 158 from combat wounds.
There are additionally two or three direct ancestors about whom little is known who might have served in the Civil War. Many more family members served, brothers and sons of our ancestors.
Of the branches of our family about 4 generations ago:
Pauly: John Pauly (b. Luxembourg 1822), adoptive father of Gustave John Pauly (b. MN 1855), was never in military service in America. The identity of Gustave John's biological father is not known, but one tradition has him fighting in the Civil War, and his wife serving as nurse. There is no known record of him or his wife (whose identity is also unknown) after the war.
Young: Charles Young did not serve. His only known brother did not emigrate from Canada.
Rockwell: "Three of the seven sons [of John J. Rockwell] was in our great Civil war. But the[y] birth different opinions regarding its true and main cause." - Edward P. Rockwell.
The three sons of John J. Rockwell who served were George, Thornton, and William. All three survived the war. A fourth brother, John W., was conscripted at the age of 23 into the Confederate army presumably in Virginia, "although his sympathies lay with the North. He evaded the officers and migrated to Bloomington, Illinois in 1861" - obituary, Bloomington, IL, 19 Dec., 1913. Ancestor Edward P. Rockwell did not serve in the Civil War.
Brothers Thornton and William Rockwell served in the 150 Illinois Infantry, Company B. This Regiment was formed in February 1865 and was mustered out in January, 1866, The Illinois 150th was assigned to Alabama, Tennessee, and Georgia, and Company B was assigned to Atlanta before mustering out there. No men in this regiment died from combat wounds, 58 died from disease.
Their brother George Rockwell may have been the George Rockwell who served in Company F of the 112th Illinois Regiment. This regiment had extensive action for 2 1/2 years beginning in the Autumn of 1862 in Kentucky, Tennessee, Georgia, and North Carolina. The regiment lost 234 men, 80 in combat and 154 by disease. George's brother Edward said of him:
"Brother George went through the hold strenious [sic] & distractive Siege. With a bullet passing through his body barely missing his heart.
"After the war ended he came out to Illinois and Brother Peter at that time had charge of a division as RoadMaster. Gave him a position as Bridge carpenter and while at work on building bridge at LaSalle lost his balance and fell 72 feet & was instantly killed after going through all of the most serious struggles of humanity in war."
In Aler's History of Martinsburg and Berkeley County, a George W. Rockwell is listed in the roll of Company E, Second Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate States Army) - He was promoted in 1863 to 3rd Lieutenant. This unit was part of Stonewall Jackson's Brigade. There was another George Rockwell, 40 yrs old, listed in the 1860 Berkeley Co. Census as a laborer in the household of P.H. Cookus.
Beckley: A detailed obituary of ancestor George W. Beckley makes no mention of any military connection. George W.'s brother James H. may have been the Sgt. James H. Beckley who served in H Co., 72nd Indiana Regiment. The 72nd Indiana was active from August, 1862 to June, 1865 and saw extensive action. Brother William may have been one of the William Beckleys who served with Pennsylvania Infantry units.
Kerr: No Civil War service record of Edwin or Henry Allen Kerr has been found.
Cleveland: Ancestor William Henry Cleveland served in Company B of the 25th Ohio Volunteer Infantry and received a disability discharge 13 Feb 1865. This regiment lost during service 280 men, including 158 from combat wounds.
Of William Henry's brother Alanson Cleveland, Jr, Edmund Janes Cleveland writes "Last heard of pending Chattanooga battle, when he was a Union scout. Went to Buffalo, NY, said he would go to Europe." Alanson was a private in Company A of the 24th Ohio Volunteer Infantry, which saw action a dozen or so times including Shiloh, Perryville, and Chicamauga prior to Chattanooga. The regiment mustered out in Chatanooga in 1864, so it's possible that Alanson was discharged there but did not return home. The Official roster of the soldiers of the state of Ohio in the War of the Rebellion, 1861-1866 lists Alanson as a private signed for a term of three years, but makes no mention of discharge.
William Henry's brother James Roderick was only 15 at the outbreak of hostilities, however he might have enlisted later. There were several James Clevelands who served in Ohio units.
Griffith: Judge Silas W. Griffith's origin is a mystery. His birth place is consistently given as Maryland. There was no Silas Griffith in the Maryland regiments. There are mentions of at least two Silas Griffiths in military records as Confederate soldiers. One died in 1862 as a POW in Murfreesboro, TN. Another Silas Griffith served in Company F, 97th Virginia Militia, CSA. This was more likely the Silas Griffith, b. abt 1838, VA, listed in the family of Adam Griffith in the 1860 Page Co., VA census. The 97th was raised from Page and nearby counties. The 97th Militia was disbanded in 1862,
Parker: Emma Arvilla Parker's brother John, b. 1842, may have served. There were hundreds of Civil War veterans named John Parker, more than 30 in Ohio regiments.
Boncquet: This family immigrated in 1907.
Pyck: Of this family only Theresia Pelagia and Isidore emigrated from Belgium. Isidore was born in 1859, too young to have served in the Civil War.
Walter Ker of Scotland and Freehold, NJ
5 April 2011 - 4:42:09pm
Margaret Celia Karr married Edward P. Rockwell in 1862 in McLean Co., IL, soon after Edward migrated from his birthplace of Sleepy Creek, Morgan Co., VA (now WV) at the outset of the Civil War.
Margaret Celia Karr's family was known to be descended from the Kerr clan of New Jersey, and now the link has been made. Margaret was descended twice from her great-grandfather (gr-great-grandfather on her mother's side) John Karr of Cumberland, NJ. John Karr was the grandson of the immigrant Walter Ker, who was driven from his homeland in Scotland in 1685 to North America on account of his fundamentalist religious practices.
The lost sister of John Gustav Pauly (b. 1855, MN)
12 February 2011 - 8:19:53am
Progress has been made on finding the birth family of John Gustav Pauly. His biological sister has been identified. Previously she was known by family legend and from a mention of her as "C.C. Crandall" (or Grandall) in the death notice for John Gustav Pauly.
Multiple pieces of evidence, most notably this 1920 census, indicate that Carolyn C. "Carrie" Mann, wife of Timothy Crandall, was John Gustav's "lost" sister.
It appears that the family story that John Gustav's sister was adopted into another family may be correct. John and Catherine Johanna Mann had no children in the 1857 Chaska, Carver Co., MN, USA Census. Caroline appears as a 2 year old with this family in the 1860 census.
Old News from Sleepy Creek
14 January 2011 - 6:27:25pm
As noted in an earlier News item, John J. Rockwell was from Sleepy Creek, which today is found in Morgan County, West Virginia. He was born 20 January 1812. A few weeks later, 3 February 1812, the great temblor that flattened New Madrid (now Missouri, then Chickasaw territory) struck. Perhaps not coincidentally John J.'s mother passed away while he was an infant - we do not know the circumstances. John J.'s father Tolbert "Top" Rockhold soon left to serve in the War of 1812, leaving the infant in the care of its grandparents.
After the war, Top started a new family in 1816 with Sarah Meeks, leaving John J. with his grandparents and us with some questions.
Who was John J.'s mother, who died around 1812? That is - what was her name, what was her pedigree (in the genealogical sense), and how and where did she live and die?
Which set of grandparents raised John J? Census evidence from 1820 and 1830 indicates that it may have been Top's parents, Thomas Tolbert Sr. and Sarah Clawson (who died in 1814), but census records from this period do not name individual household members, so this is circumstantial.
A lot of Sleepy Creek Rockwells have been added, as well as Mendenhalls, Tedricks, Courtneys, Stewarts, Hovermales, McColloughs, Michaels, and others. Sleepy Creek goes by several place names during this period. In 1812, Sleepy Creek was in Berkeley County, and West Virginia had not yet seceded from Virginia, so the place should be recorded at that period as Sleepy Creek, Berkeley Co., VA, USA. When Berkeley County was divided in 1820 the place becomes Sleepy Creek, Morgan Co., VA, USA. And finally when West Virginia is created in 1863 the place is as it is today, Sleepy Creek, Morgan Co., WV, USA. Newly entered individuals should follow this pattern, but older entries made before the significance of Sleepy Creek to the Rockwell history was realized were done with less attention to detail and in other styles. Let us know if you find one that needs revision (links are on every page) or get a login if you don't have one and edit it yourself.
Update on the Pauly Family Rock Stars - Lady Gaga
17 September 2010 - 6:36:55pm
Thanks to cousin Sue (Pauly) Holden, a new batch of old pictures has been added. Two of Gustav John Pauly, and two of Marguerite Gibeau, and many others of their descendants and allied families.
Also many updates and corrections to the Paulies have been made, with more to come. Included among these is the information that the diva Dame Albani's cousin Amelia (Young/Lajeunessse) Pauly (b 1856) was called "Gaga" by her grandson. Lady Gaga (b 1986) foreshadowed by many decades.
Rockholds/Rockwells in Morgan Co. VA (now WV) and their migration to McLean Co. Illinois
26 August 2010 - 7:34:43pm
There is now more detailed, corrected, illustrated, and sourced information about the Rock* families of Morgan County, VA and surrounding areas and those that left for lllinois.
This new research was sparked by a letter from Edward P. Rockwell to his son Walter. Edward's letter disproves the theory formerly favored on this website that Jesse Rockhold was the father of John J. Rockwell. The letter identifies "Tolbert" as John J.'s father, but due to several coincidences and difficulties in reading and interpreting the letter which seems to have been dictated, it is not clear whether the person identified is Thomas Tolbert Rockhold Sr. or Thomas Tolbert Rockhold Jr. Based on some details such as the relative age of the men and the mention of "[Tolbert] married again and raised quite a family of boys (& girls?)" the evidence seems to favor that Thomas Tolbert Rockhold, Jr. was the father of John J. Rockwell. This website has been updated to reflect this theory, but it remains a possibility that John J.s father was instead Thomas Tolbert Rockhold, Sr.
Privacy and Security
1 August 2010 - 7:38:08pm
We've been wrestling with issues of privacy and security of online genealogy and family history information lately. Previously this site contained almost no information about living persons, and most information about deceased persons was publicly available.
However, we would like to record family history information about living people if this can be done safely and securely, and we recognize that information about deceased persons may be sensitive and even a security risk for their survivors.
Hence the site policy is now to restrict access to deceased persons who have living close family members to registered visitors only. We are also experimenting with "Family Vault" encryption for living persons. Encrypted notes are attached only to restricted individuals, so even the ciphertext is not publicly available.
Feedback on these changes is welcome. Please let us know if you need or have forgotten your access credentials.
2 June 2010 - 12:38:14am
We're beta testing Ancestor Tree's secure socket (https) feature.
Try it - https://paulyfamily.org
This will be publicly available soon!
We're Back & Better (mostly)
21 March 2010 - 8:54:59am
After some time off while we upgraded to PGV 4.2.3 and worked through some interruptions paulyfamily.org is back. We've also been working to flesh out sources, starting with the Pauly, Rockwell, Cleveland, Boncquet, and allied families.
You should see faster response and updated reports and charts.
Some special characters in News entries (below) are mangled, but there should be no other side effects.
As always, we're happy to hear from you - just click the link at the bottom of any page.
Emma Lajeunesse aka Dame Albani: A Pauly Family Rock Star
24 December 2009 - 10:39:00am
In a 1909 Minneapolis Tribune article, Amelia Young Pauly referred to "Madame Albani" as a cousin. I tracked down Mme. Albani, born Emma Lajeunesse, who it turns out was the original 19th century Canadian rock star. Back then, they called rock stars opera divas. I noticed that Emma's father Joseph Lajeunesse was born one year before Amelia Young's father Charles Lajeunesse (later changed to Young) in St. Martin, Laval, Quebec. I have a reference to a professional genealogy of Mme. Albani which I'll look up next time I visit the Allen County Public Library. But in the meantime I'll assume that Charles and Joseph Lajeunesse were brothers and so Charles Lajeunesse/Young was Emma the rock star's uncle and Amelia Young/Pauly was her cousin.
Biographies of Mme. (actually Dame, she was buds with Queen Vickie) Emma Lajeunesse/Albani claim she is descended from 17th century French immigrant Etienne Charles dit Lajeunesse. There is a genealogy focussing on her Labelle ancestors on the website www.leslabelle.com. I've used this as a source for the Canadian ancestors of the Minneapolis Young family.
This relation to a famous cousin explains a lot about this family, beyond providing the clue needed to connect with the Quebecois Lajeunesse genealogy. Francis Pauly Sr. and his siblings, Amelia Young/Pauly's kids, were trained as musicians, actors, an elocutionist. Francis and one of his sisters were trained in Europe (this was the subject of the 1909 article I mentioned). Despite these efforts no other rock stars resulted. Amelia Young's husband, Gustave John Pauly, a successful banker, died in middle age. He left his family cared for with a trust. But the trust was embezzled just prior to the depression, leaving the family of artists with little income. Curiously, Mme Emma Albani also lost her savings at about the same time to "bad investments". I'd like to investigate these financial problems to see if they were related.
Hmm, I wonder what Neil Young's genealogy is?
Thanks Ancestor Tree!
8 December 2009 - 9:20:29am
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Old and New Amsterdammers
8 December 2009 - 9:19:40am
From The Sutphen Family (1926) genealogy we find several ancient ancestors: van Sutphen, van Zutphens, van Cleefs, Pietersen, van Nuys. The earliest is Dutchman Dirck van Zutphen, "the hero of Breda", born about 1562.
In America, there was Aucke Jansen van Nuys, a builder of private and public buildings in New Amsterdam in the 17th century.
Mary "Horsington" is a Hoisington
9 September 2009 - 9:04:54am
Mary "Horsington" (as spelled in the Cleveland/Cleaveland genealogy), wife of Edward Cleveland (b abt 1749) is of the Hoisington family, Through several generations of Hoisingtons and a couple of Shailors, we arrive at the immigrant Thomas Shailor/Shaylor (b. abt 1645, Stratford on Avon, England). Thomas married Marah Spencer in Connecticut, daughter of immigrant Gerrard Spencer (b. 1614, Bedfordshire, England).
The Spencer family (http://www.althorp.com/estate_family.php) has a well-developed genealogy, although some confusion exists. Others have traced many prominent Americans (as well as British) to Spencer ancestors, including George Washington and F.D. Roosevelt, as well as many other politicians, artists, and capitalists. These pedigrees can be found from http://kinnexions.com/smlawson/spencer.htm and http://kinnexions.com/kinnexions/cousins.htm.
As it turns out, the Hoisington immigrant, John (b. abt 1640, England or Wales) spelled his name "Horsington".
Lux Paulys, Castors and Belgian Pycks and others
9 September 2009 - 8:13:37am
With information from a Luxembourgish website, http://www.spetzbouf.com/heredis/accueil.htm, the maiden name of John PAULY's (b. 1822 RÃ©dange-sur-Attert, Luxembourg) wife Anna Maria is now known: CASTOR. Her brother, Gustave "Frenchie" CASTER and descendents are now listed as well. Welcome to Castors, Casters, and Custers.
Another website, this one from Belgium, http://www.vrijwilligersrab.be/blog/index.php, lists the grandparents of Pierre Jean PYCK (b. 1824 Zonnebeke, Belgium). Welcome to Pycks, Lesages, De Leus, and Catteeuws.
Robert Rockwell family of Nansemond, Virginia
12 December 2008 - 9:09:56am
Recently the early land records of Virginia have been put online. Searching these for Rock* cognates yields five entries about or mentioning Robert Rockwell and his family. These records are shown and transcribed under the media tab for Robert Rockwell.
It is my understanding that the online records are early transcriptions of local records, so the transcriptions given are doubly transcribed.
The first record dated 19 August 1637 grants 250 acres of land along the Nansemond to Robert Rockwell for transportation of his family, who are listed by name. The names include daughter Mary, who had not been listed in this genealogy. Wife 'Hanah' could have been a transcription error from Sarah, the commonly given name for Robert's wife. Child 'Thomasin' could be a transcription error from Thomas. Also included is a servant, Mary Hayes.
The second survey of the 250 acres, dated 26 October 1638, is signed by a Thomas Rockwell. This is possibly the brother of Robert mentioned in the third, 1645 survey and assessment of the 250 acres.
These three surveys of Robert's Nansemond tract are perfectly consistent in the spelling of his last name as 'Rockwell'. Either Robert himself or a family member may have been present when these were recorded. In contrast, the 1647 and 1650 records are mentions of the Rockwell tract in the description of other tracts. In these last two records Robert's last name is spelled 'Rockhole' or 'Rockhold'. So it may be that Robert spelled his name 'Rockwell' (presuming literacy), but pronounced it more like 'Rockole'.
A less likely alternative is that Robert had been disguising his identity in the early years in the Colonies, but felt less need to do so by 1647.
The puritans residing in Nansemond resettled in Anne Arundel county, MD (Early New England By David A. Weir, p. 13) in 1649 because of religious pressure from the Virginia government and because Maryland promised better treatment.
Rock* DNA origins - Haplogroup I1 (formerly I1a)
30 November 2008 - 3:59:39pm
Entering data from male descendents of Robert Rockhold (b. abt 1605) from the Rockwell DNA project, as recorded here, into the Haplogroup Predictor, predicts haplogroup I1 (formerly designated I1a).
Haplogroup I1/I1a is discussed here, which contains this reference with a very useful Fig. 1, showing our Rock* origins in far northern Europe. Ken Nordtvedt states that the Rock* value of 12 repeats for DYS 462 indicates a more southerly origin in the I1 range.
Unfortunately this does little to help discern Robert Rockhold's (b ~1605) origins. He may have been from the Netherlands - the Netherlands is a hotspot for haplotypes similar to the Rockhold haplotype. However Rockhold (and Rockwell for that matter) is an English name, not a Dutch name.
note: the New England Rockwells (not the main group covered in this genealogy) are Haplogroup R1b, the most frequent Haplogroup in Western Europe. In parts of England the frequency of R1b reaches 90%.
26 May 2008 - 2:58:13pm
UPDATE: The Heimers have been found in 1870. They were listed under "Heinen" in the Minnesota census, with John included. Gustave John PAULY is not descended from the Heimers. Gustave John's origins are still a mystery.
Unfortunately, Gustave John's adoption is not in the surviving official records of Minnesota.
21 January 2008 - 12:30:30pm
The Cleveland and Cleaveland Genealogy (Cleveland, 1899) has extended the line from Ruby Cleveland back to Ann Winn (b. 1628) and Moses Cleveland (b 1620) and their ancestors.
Moses was the founder of most Cle(a)velands in America. He and Ann Winn immigrated from England around 1635. Our line descends from their son Edward and Deliverance Palmer. President Grover Cleveland descended from Moses' son Aaron and Dorcas Wilson.
The entire 3-volume Cleveland and Cleaveland set is available on this site. Please email webinfo (at) simplemax (dot) net for the URL.
29 December 2007 - 10:42:33am
A European website, http://www.spetzbouf.com/heredis/accueil.htm, has parish records that extend the genealogy of John Pauly (b. 1822) back to before 1632 in Luxembourg.
John/Jean Pierre Pauly (b. 1822) adopted John Gustave/Gustave John in the 1860's.
Here are recorded the facts, stories, and legends of our ancestors. These records are unavoidably incomplete, and we invite those who can add to them to apply for an account or contact the Site admin to correspond. Our policy is to restrict public access to information, including names, about all living people and about deceased individuals who have immediate family members who are still living. We call this this policy "living families". Access to information on hidden persons is possible with registration. Registrations will be accepted on a case-by-case basis. Some registrants may add and edit information on the website, subject to review. Please read these paragraphs carefully before editing as they outline some of the conventions used in this website. We make every effort to make this site as secure as possible. When you login you will be automatically redirected to an "https:" secure URL. This provides security for your password and login and the confidential information on the website, especially when using your portable computer on public or corporate networks. Every security enhancement has been added, and we run the latest released software. Initial dots (like "• Gustave John PAULY") indicate an individual on one of the main pedigrees of this site. This is for navigation in the site. Currently only immigrants to America and their descendants are dotted. The primary name is usually the birth name, although some name changes are given as the primary name. Married names have not been indicated unless there was something unusual. Dates are entered like "1 Jan 1957". The genealogy program will correctly interpret partial dates and some modifiers, like "about 1812". Old style dates are not converted (although some may have been, it's difficult to know in every case), but if the year is ambiguous the old style and new style years may both be given. like "15 Feb 1632/3". 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This is a scientific approach, which contrasts to rules-based approaches used by professional genealogists. Sources should be provided, so if you have doubts you are welcome to check those. If you find sources missing or inadequate for an individual you are interested in let us know and we'll provide the source or change the record. Place names are generally conceived of as five-level: Address or other specifier, town, county, state, and country. Levels may be omitted and in practice there are almost no five-level addresses. By convention here, US states and Canadian provinces are indicated by postal abbreviation, and United States is abbreviated as USA. Place names need to be made more precise as geolocation is implemented. Life is short, and in the spirit of open source and progress in general the work of others is relied upon when they seem to be authoritative about a particular line without exhaustive verification and without detailed primary source citations. All sources must be properly cited. In return for this wholesale appropriation, there are a few scattered pieces of actual genealogical research here. The John J. Rockwell (b. 1812) line in West Virginia and Illinois has received a lot of attention, although there are still unresolved maternal relations. Likewise John Gustav Pauly (b. 1855) has been a focus of research, although the story of his parents is still unverified. The Wyckoff and Beckley ancestors of Eva Beckley (b. 1870) have a few previously unpublished pedigrees extending to colonial Dutch and 18th century German immigrants. Grandmother Julia Maria Boncquet had been considered "lost" by Boncquet genealogists. Amelia Young (b. 1856) of Minnesota has been linked to her Colonial Québec ancestors. The Crandall, Mann, Ohm, Rudolph? and Pauly families are connected by adoption and marriage. The Illinois Karr family's pedigree has been connected to the Scottish immigrant Walter Ker of New jersey. Thomas Rockwell has been identified as the brother of Robert the immigrant from a study of early Virginia land records. New transcriptions of these records may be found as notes to the images of the originals. This site was last updated on 24 April 2014. If you have any comments or feedback please contact Site admin.
24 April 2014 - 5:20:25pm